Mental Health Disorders


Isabella Terzoli, Social Media Manager

There are many different types of mental health disorders, and it’s looked at differently from different people. Some people think it’s weird, and they don’t like talking about it, making it sort of a taboo.

Others may have some sort of mental disorder and not know. While others might also know they have it, but not know how to explain their disorder to someone. This article will explain how to deal with different types of mental health and what some warning signs could be.

Bipolar Disorder

Also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.

People with Bipolar Disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotions. For example, you could be super happy and then the next minute you can feel very depressed and angry or feel as if you don’t have any emotion at all, or in other words, numb.

Some people also have changes in their sleeping patterns and activity levels. These mood changes are called “mood episodes”, and are drastically different from the moods and behaviors that are typical for the average person. Bipolar disorder can be present even when mood swings are less extreme. For example, some people with bipolar disorder experience hypomania, a less severe form of mania. During a hypomanic episode, an individual may feel very good, be highly productive, and function well. The person may not feel that anything is wrong, but family and friends may recognize the mood swings and/or changes in activity levels as possible bipolar disorder.

Without proper treatment, people with hypomania may develop severe mania or depression. Some treatment you can get for Bipolar disorder is to see a psychiatrist (who is experienced in diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder) and to get medication prescribed by a doctor.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD for short) is a common disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, recurring thoughts (obsessions), and behaviors that the person feels the urge to do over and over again.

People with OCD may have symptoms of obsessions, compulsions, or both. These symptoms can interfere with all aspects of life, such as work, school, and personal relationships. Sometimes people with OCD have a fear of germs, having things in perfect order, always cleaning, and repeatedly checking on things, such as repeatedly checking to see if the door is locked or that the oven is off. Some individuals with OCD also have a “tic disorder”. Motor tics are sudden, brief, repetitive movements, such as eye blinking and other eye movements, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, and head or shoulder jerking. Common vocal tics include repetitive throat-clearing, sniffing, or grunting sounds. Symptoms may come and go, ease over time, or worsen.

People with OCD may try to help themselves by avoiding situations that trigger their obsessions. If you think you have OCD talk to your doctor about your symptoms. Your doctor can prescribe medication and send you to a therapist if needed.

Anxiety Disorder

Occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. You might feel anxious when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. But anxiety disorders involve more than temporary worry or fear.

For a person with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time.  The feeling you get can interfere with your daily life, (school, work, etc.) There are several different types of anxiety disorders. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Some symptoms include muscle tension, sleep problems, difficulty controlling the worry, and can not stop thinking (having trouble relaxing or having their minds go “blank”). Some treatments may include medication and specialist.


Depression is a mental health disorder that causes symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working.

To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks. There are different forms of depression. The different forms are; Seasonal affective disorder, Persistent depressive disorder, Perinatal depression, Psychotic depression, and Bipolar depression.

The symptoms you get with depression are having a sad, anxious, or “empty” mood, feeling hopeless, guilt, helplessness, loss of energy, feelings of moving or talking to slowly, difficulty sleeping or waking up and/or oversleeping, and having trouble sitting still.

Not everyone who is depressed experiences every symptom. Some people experience only a few symptoms while others may experience many. Depression can happen at any age, but often begins in adulthood. Depression is now recognized as occurring in children and adolescents, although it sometimes presents with more prominent irritability than low mood. Some risk factors include major life changes or trauma, personal or family history. Some treatments are specialist, medication, and therapy.

Binge Eating

Binge eating is a different kind of mental illness, but it is also an eating disorder. This is considered a mental health disorder because they lose control and continue to eat even if full. (You do not have to be overweight to have a Binge Eating disorder).

Binge-eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in the U.S. Some symptoms consist of eating unusually large amounts of food in a specific amount of time, eating even when you’re full or not hungry, eating until you’re uncomfortably full, eating alone or in secret to avoid embarrassment, and feeling distressed, ashamed, or guilty about your eating. You can treat this disorder by going to a dietitian.


The last mental illness I will be focusing on is Prosopagnosia. Prosopagnosia is a disorder that means you can’t tell faces apart, so you don’t recognize your family or friends. Prosopagnosia is also known as face blindness or facial agnosia. Some symptoms may include not recognize familiar people, like neighbors, close relatives, or family friends (especially when they see them out of context), and social anxiety. Prosopagnosia can be caused by a head injury, to the right side of the head. There are no treatments for Prosopagnosia (face blindness).

Mental illness impacts so many young people. 20% of mental illnesses impact the lives of 13-18 year olds. Most mental illnesses start at age 14 and increase 75% by age 24. Mental illness is a very serious topic, that is hardly ever talked about.